Vol. I (2020), No. 1

THE PERFORMANCE FACTORS OF NON-PROFIT BASKETBALL CLUBS: THE CASE OF BASKETBALL CLUBS FROM SOUTH-EAST EUROPE
Igor Ivaskovic https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3474-007X
School of Economics and Business, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia

Original scientific paper
DOI: https://doi.org/10.47954/ijcbe.1.1.2
JEL Classification: Z20, Z23, Z29

Table of Contents

Abstract

Using the data from 73 non-profit basketball clubs from four post-transitional Southeast European countries the article examines the potential causal relationship between 165 variables divided into four groups (organizational environment, strategies, human resource management (HRM), and behavior and feelings of organizational members) and two different aspects of organizational performance, namely competitive-financial and recreational-non-financial. The multiple regression analyses results disclose direct impact of the strategic focus on the organizational performance. The study provides explanation how the importance of different objectives from an aspect of club leadership affect the chances of enhancing the sport clubs performance from both perspectives. Higher performance is achieved by specialized clubs that pursue only one aspect of performance and strive for those goals that positively affect the same performance perspective. On the other hand, the HRM – performance analysis shows that many HRM factors correlate with organizational performance. However, regression analysis did not confirm any significant direct impact, which indicates that this causal relationship is indirect.

Key words: non-profit organizations, basketball clubs, organizational performance

Full text

Download PDF here (pp. 17-39).

References

Adams, B.D., Waldherr, S., and Sartori, J. (2008) ‘Trust in teams scale. Trust in leaders scale’, Manual for Administration and Analyses. Toronto: Department of National Defence. [Online]. Available at: http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a488604.pdf (Accessed: 27 May 2015)
Google Scholar


Andreff, W. (2007) ‘French football: A financial crisis rooted in weak governance’, Journal of Sports Economics, 8(6), pp. 652–661.
Google Scholar ISI


Aron, A., and Aron, E.N. (1999) Statistics for psychology. 2nd edn. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.


Barros, C.P., and Garcia-del-Barrio, P. (2011) ‘Productivity drivers and market dynamics in the Spanish first football league’, Journal of Productivity Analysis, 35, pp. 5–13.
Google Scholar Crossref ISI


Barros, C.P., and Santos, A. (2003) ‘Productivity in sports organisational training activities: A DEA study’, European Journal of Sport Management Quarterly, 3(1), pp. 46–65.
Google Scholar 


Becker, B.E., and Huselid, M.A. (1998) ‘High performance work systems and firm performance: A synthesis of research and managerial implications’, Research in Personnel and Human Resources Journal, 16(1), pp. 53–101.
Google Scholar ISI


Bosca, J.E., Liern, V., Martinez, A., and Sala, R. (2009) ‘Increasing offensive or defensive efficiency? An analysis of Italian and Spanish football’, International Journal of Management Science, 37, pp. 63-78.
Google Scholar


Carron, A.V., Widmeyer, W.N., and Brawley, L.R. (1985) ‘The development of an instrument to assess cohesion in sport teams: the Group Environment Questionnaire’, Journal of Sport Psychology, 7(3), pp. 244–266.
Google Scholar ISI


Cohen, B.H. (2001) Explaining psychological statistics. 2nd edn. New York: Wiley.


Espitia-Escuer, M., and García-Cebrián, L.I. (2006) ‘Performance in sports teams: Results and potential in the professional soccer league in Spain’, Management Decision, 44(8), pp. 1020–1030.
Google Scholar


Espitia-Escuer, M., and García-Cebrián, L.I. (2010) ‘Measurement of the efficiency of football teams in the Champions League’, Managerial and Decision Economics, 31(6), pp. 373–386.
Google Scholar Crossref ISI


Garcia-Sanchez, I.M. (2007) ‘Efficiency and effectiveness of Spanish football teams: a three-stage-DEA approach’, Central European Journal of Operations Research, 15(1), pp. 21–45.
Google Scholar ISI


Guzman, I., and Morrow, S. (2007) ‘Measuring efficiency and productivity in professional football teams: evidence from the English Premier League’, Central European Journal of Operations Research, 15(4), pp. 309–328.
Google Scholar ISI


Haas, D.J. (2003a) ‘Technical efficiency in the major league soccer’, Journal of Sport Economics, 4(3), pp. 203–215
Google Scholar


Haas, D.J. (2003b) ‘Productive efficiency of English football teams – A data envelopment analysis approach’, Managerial and Decision Economics, 24(5), pp. 403–410.
Google Scholar | Crossref


Haas, D., Kocher, M., and Sutter, M. (2004) ‘Measuring efficiency of German football teams by data envelopment analysis’, Central European Journal of Operations Research, 12(3), pp. 251–268.
Google Scholar


Ivašković, I. (2015) Vpliv ravnanja z ljudmi pri delu na uspešnost profesionalnih športnih klubov z nedobičkovno tradicijo – študija košarkarskih klubov v jugovzhodni Evropi. Ljubljana: Faculty of Economics.


Ivašković, I. (2018) ‘Analiza razlik v sistemih ravnanja z ljudmi pri delu v košarkarskih klubih Jugovzhodne Evrope’, Šport: revija za teoretična in praktična vprašanja športa, 66(1-2), pp. 189-195.
Google Scholar


Ivašković, I. (2019) ‘Za kaj si prizadevajo neprofitni športni klubi?’, Economic and business review, 21(spec.), pp. 159-163.
Google Scholar


Kaplan, R.S. (2001) ‘Strategic performance measurement and management in nonprofit organizations’, Nonprofit Management and Leadership, 11(3), pp. 353–370.
Google Scholar


Kern, A., Schwarzmann, M., and Wiedenegger, A. (2012) ‘Measuring the efficiency of English Premier League football: A two‐stage data envelopment analysis approach’, Sport, Business and Management: An International Journal, 2(3), pp. 177–195.
Google Scholar ISI


Kikulis, L., Slack, T., and Hinings, B. (1992) ‘Institutionally specific design archetypes: a framework for understanding change in national sport organizations’, International Review for Sociology of Sport, 27(4), pp. 343–367.
Google Scholar


Pološki-Vokić, N. (2003) Kreiranje višekriterijskog modela za analizu doprinosa managementa ljudskih potencijala uspješnosti poduzeća. Zagreb: Ekonomski fakultet.


Pološki-Vokić, N. (2004) ‘Menadžment ljudskih potencijala u velikim hrvatskim poduzećima’, Ekonomski pregled, 55(5–6), pp. 455–478.
Google Scholar


Purcell, J., Kinnie, N., Hutchinson, S., Rayton, B., and Swart, J. (2003) Understanding the people and performance link: unlocking the black box. London: Chartered Institute for Personnel Development.


Schaufeli, W.B., Bakker, A.B., and Salanova, M. (2006) ‘The measurement of work engagement with a short questionnaire: A cross-national study’, Educational and Psychological Measurement, 66(4), pp. 701–716.
Google Scholar ISI


Slack, T., and Hinings, B. (1994) ‘Institutional pressures and isomorphic change: an empirical test’, Organisation Studies, 15(6), pp. 803–827.
Google Scholar


Slack, T., (1997) Understanding sport organizations. Campaign: Human Kinetics.


Stevens, J.A., and Slack, T. (1998) ‘Integrating social action and structural constraints: towards a more holistic explanation of organizational change’, International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 33(2), pp. 143–154.
Google Scholar


Wright, P.M., and McMahan, C. (1992) ‘Theoretical perspectives for strategic human resource management’, Journal of Management, 18(2), pp. 295–320.
Google Scholar


Wright, P.M., Gardner, T.M., Moynihan, L.M., and Allen, M.R. (2005) ‘The relationship between HR practices and firm performance: examining causal order’, Personnel Psychology, 58(2), pp. 409–446.
Google Scholar ISI