Vol. II (2021), No. 2
THE ROLE OF NATIONAL CULTURE FOR HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT AND LEADERSHIP WITHIN AN INTERNATIONAL CONTEXT
Libertas International University
Bojan Moric Milovanovic
Institute of Public Finance
Over the last decades, globalization has brought many positive effects for the companies operating overseas including exposures to new cultures and belief systems. However, such international exposure has also brought certain problems in terms of cultural differences from different markets. Expatriates (international managers) when running international operations and managing foreign teams come across many obstacles caused by differences in national cultural systems, therefore it is important to have a good understanding how cultures differ from each other and what is the best way to approach each one of them in the right way. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to determine how intercultural differences affect human resource management in an international context and how expatriates should adapt their leadership styles to the requirements of local markets. Moreover, the paper elaborates on differences between domestic and international management styles and on the differences between leadership styles across different regions.
Key words: national culture; human resource management; leadership; international business
Adler, N.J. (2002) International Dimensions of Organizational Behavior. 4th edn. Ohio: SouthWestern, Thomson Learning.
Beamish, P.W., Morrison, A.J., Rosenzweig, P.M. i Inkpen, A. (2003) International Management. 5th edn. New York: McGraw-Hill Education.
Bedeković, V. i Golub, D. (2011) ‘Suvremeni menadžment u uvjetima globalnog poslovanja’, Praktični menadžment, 2(3), p57-63.
Brewster et al. (2016) International human resource management. 4th edn. London: Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development.
Browaeys, M. i Price, R. (2015) Understanding Cross-Cultural Management. 3rd edn. London: Pearson Education.
Buble, M. (2009) Međunarodni menadžment. Zagreb: Lares plus d.o.o..
Deresky, H. (2014) International management. 8th edn. London: Pearson Education.
Dowling, P.J., Festing, M. i Engle, A.D. (2013) International human resource management. 6th edn. London: Cengage Learning.
Haire, M., Ghiselli, E.E. and Porter, L.W. (1966) Managerial Thinking: An International Study. New York: Wiley.
Hall, E.T. (1959) The silent language. New York: Anchor Books.
Hall, E.T. (1976) Beyond culture. New York: Doubleday.
Hodgetts, R.M. i Luthans, F. (2003) International Management: Culture, Strategy, and Behavior. 5th edn. New York: McGraw-Hill Education.
Hofstede, G. (1980) Culture’s consequences: international differences in work-related values. London: sage Publications.
Hofstede, G. (2001) Culture’s consequences. 2nd edn. London, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Kuharić, D., Hocenski, I. i Tolušić, Z. (2015) ‘Interkulturalni menadžment i interkulturalni trening’, Praktični menadžment, 6(1), p50-53.
Kunnanatt, J.T. (2007) ‘Leadership Orientation of Service Sector Managers in India: An Empirical Study’, Business and Society Review, 122(1), p99–119.
Luthans, F. i Doh, J.P. (2009) International management: culture, strategy and behavior. New York: Irwin-McGraw-Hill.
Luthans, F. i Doh, J.P. (2018) International management. Tenth edition. New York: McGraw-Hill Education.
Luthans, F., Welsh, D.H.B. and Rosenkrantz, S.A. (1993) ‘What Do Russian Managers Really Do? An Observational Study with Comparisons to U.S. Managers’, Journal of International Business Studies,
Politis, J. (2003) ‘The Role of Various Leadership Styles’, Leadership and Organization Development Journal, 24(4), p181–195.Rasmussen, S. (2012) Production economics: the basic theory of production optimisation. Springer Science & Business Media
Ralston, D.A., Egri, C.P., Stewart, S., Terpstra, R.H. and Kaicheng, Y. (1999) ‘Doing Business in the 21st Century with the New Generation of Chinese Managers: A Study of Generational Shifts in Work Values in China’, Journal of International Business Studies, 30(2), p415–428.
Romero, E.J. (2004) ‘Latin American Leadership: El Patron & El Lider Moderno’, Cross Cultural Management 11(3), p25–37.
Sommer, S.M., Bae, S. and Luthans, F. (1995) ‘The Structure-Climate Relationship in Korean Organizations’, Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 12(2), p23–36.
Trompenaars, F. (1993) Riding the waves of culture: understanding cultural diversity in business. London: Economist Books.
Trompenaars, F. and Hampden-Turner, C. (1998) Riding the Waves of Culture: Understanding Diversity in Global Business. 2nd edn. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Tylor, E.B. (1873) Primitive culture: researches into the development of mythology, philosophy, religion, language, art, and custom. 2nd edn. London: John Murray.
Werihrich, H. i Koontz, H. (1994) Menadžment. Deseto izdanje. Zagreb: