Vol. I (2020), No. 2
HUMAN CAPITAL AND HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT SPECIFICS OF NON-PROFIT BASKETBALL CLUBS IN POST-TRANSITIONAL SOUTH-EAST EUROPEAN COUNTRIES
Igor Ivaskovic https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7676-6983
University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
The article aims to explore and present the human capital and human resource management specifics of non-profit basketball clubs from four post-transitional countries in Southeastern Europe. It discloses the differences between clubs at different quality levels regarding scope and sources of financing and regarding degree of professionalization which consequently affects the differences on the field of human capital and HRM. Author further analyzes the impact of various stakeholders on HRM policy, and in that context presents the head coach’s role in observed organizations. As expected, the findings show that the higher quality clubs have better infrastructure, larger financial budgets and obtain higher percentage of funds from private sources. First-division clubs are also more professionalized and have larger administration compared to their second and third division counterparts. The majority of these clubs on lower quality level operate as amateur organizations. The greatest responsibility for the clubs’ performance is on head coaches, athletes, and clubs’ presidents. From the aspect of HRM, the influence and responsibility of sport directors increases, while the influence of the clubs’ presidents decreases with the level of quality. Finally, the influence of sponsors’ representatives and athletes’ agents also increases with the level of quality.
Key words: human resource management, non-profit organizations, basketball clubs, South-East Europe
Amis, J., Slack, T., and Berrett, T. (1995) ‘The structural antecedents of conflict in voluntary sport organizations’, Leisure Studies, 14, pp. 1–16.
Barget, E., and Chavinier-Rela, S. (2017) ‘The analysis of amateur sports clubs funding: A European perspective’, Athens Journal of Sports, 4(1), pp. 7–34.
Becker, B. E., and Huselid, M. A. (1998) ‘High performance work systems and firm performance: A synthesis of research and managerial implications’, Research in Personnel and Human Resources Journal, 16(1), pp. 53–101.
Chang, K., and Chelladurai, P. (2003) ‘Comparison of part-time workers and full-time workers: commitment and citizenship behaviors in Korean sport organizations’, Journal of Sport Management, 17(4), pp. 394–416.
Dietl, H., and Weingärtner, C. (2011) ‘The effect of professional football clubs’ legal structure on sponsoring revenue’, Journal of Sponsorship, 4(4), pp. 377 – 390.
Erčulj, F. (2007) Povzetek izsledkov ankete o organiziranosti in strokovni dejavnosti košarkarskih društev v Sloveniji. [Online]. Available at: www.kzs-zveza.si/kzs/index. php?x=4&xy=332 (Accessed: 27 May 2018)
Espitia-Escuer, M., and García-Cebrián, L. I. (2006) ‘Performance in sports teams: Results and potential in the professional soccer league in Spain’, Management Decision, 44(8), pp. 1020–1030.
Fort, R. (2020) ‘European and Nort American Sport Differences(?)’, Scottish Journal of Political Economy, 47(4), pp. 431–455.
Huselid, M. A., and Becker, B. E. (1995) ‘The strategic impact of high performance work systems’, Available at: www.markhuselid.com/pdfs/articles/1995 Strategic_Impact_of_HR.pdf (Accessed: 29 May 2019)
Ilešič, M. (2004) ‘Pravni status športnih organizacij’, Podjetje in delo, 30(6–7), pp. 1639–1644.
Ivašković, I. (2014) ‘The effect of hrm quality on trust and team cohesion’, Economic and Business Review, 16(3), pp. 339–367.
Ivašković, I. (2015) Vpliv ravnanja z ljudmi pri delu na uspešnost profesionalnih športnih klubov z nedobičkovno tradicijo – študija košarkarskih klubov v jugovzhodni Evropi. Ljubljana: School of Economics and Business.
Ivašković, I. (2019) ’The stakeholder-strategy relationship in non-profit basketball clubs’, Economic Research-Ekonomska Istraživanja, 32(1), pp. 1457–1475.
Junghagen, S. (2018) ‘Tensions in stakeholders relations for a Swedish football club – a case study’, Soccer & Society, 19(4), pp. 612–629.
Kern, A., Schwarzmann, M., and Wiedenegger, A. (2012) ‘Measuring the efficiency of English Premier League football: A two‐stage data envelopment analysis approach’, Sport, Business and Management: An International Journal, 2(3), pp. 177–195.
Lange, D. (2020) ‘Share of people who volunteer in sport in the European Union (EU) 2013-17, by country’, Statista. Available at: https://www.statista.com/statistics/602010/european-union-volunteering-in-sports-by-country/ (Accessed: 5 December 2020)
Mach, M., Dolan, S., and Tzafrir, S. (2010) ‘The differential effect of team members’ trust on team performance: The mediation role of team cohesion’, Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 83(3), pp. 771–794.
Miragaia, D. A. M., Ferreira, J. J. M., and Ratten, V. (2017) ‘The strategic involvement of stakeholders in the efficiency of non-profit sport organisations: from a perspective of survival to sustainability’, BBR. Brazilian Business Review, 14(1), pp. 42–58.
Moyo, T., Duffett, R., and Knott, B. (2020) ‘Environmental Factors and Stakeholders Influence on Professional Sport Organisations Engagement in Sustainable Corporate Social Responsibility: A South African Perspective’, Sustainability, 12(4504), pp. 1–19.
Pološki-Vokić, N. (2004) ‘Menađament ljudskih potencijala u velikim hrvatskim poduzećima’, Ekonomski pregled, 55(5–6), pp. 455–478.
Sanchez, L. C., Barajas, A., and Sanchez-Fernandez, P. (2019) ’Sport finance: Revenue sources and financial regulations in European football’ in Garcia, J. (ed.) Sports (and) Economics. Madrid: Funcas, pp. 327–366.
Slack, T., and Hinings, B. (1992) ‘Understanding change in national sport organisations: an integration of theoretical perspectives’, Journal of Sport Management, 6(2), pp. 114–132.
Škorić, S., Bartoluci, M., and Čustonja, Z. (2012) ‘Public financing in Croatian sport’, Financial Theory & Practice, 36(2), pp. 109-227.
Wicker, P., Weingärtner, C., Breuer, C., and Dietl, H. (2012) ‘The effect of a sport institution’s legal structure on sponsorship income: The case of amateur equestrian sports in Germany’, International Journal of Sport Finance, 7(4), pp. 340-357.